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Wellness Corner

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April is Defeat Diabetes Month


Diabetes 1

What is Diabetes?

Diabetes is the condition in which the body does not properly process food for use as energy.  Most of the food we eat is turned into glucose for our bodies to use for energy. The pancreas makes a hormone called insulin to help glucose get into the cells of our bodies.  When you have diabetes, your body either doesn't make enough insulin or can't use its own insulin as well as it should. This causes sugars to build up in your blood.


What are the types of Diabetes?

Type 1 Diabetes - Accounts for 5 - 10% of all diagnosed cases of diabetes. Autoimmune, environmental, and genetic factors are involved in the development of this type of diabetes.

Type 2 Diabetes - Accounts for 90 - 95% of all diagnosed cases of diabetes. Risk factors include age, obesity, family history, prior history of gestational diabetes, impaired glucose tolerance, sedentary lifestyle, and race/ethnicity.


 Diabetes 3


What are the symptoms of diabetes?

· Tingling or numbness in hands or feet

· Unexplained weight loss

· Sudden vision changes

· Sores that are slow to heal

· More infections than usual

· Fatigue

· Very dry skin

· Frequent urination

· Excessive thirst

· Extreme hunger

Nausea, vomiting, or stomach pains may accompany some of these symptoms in the abrupt onset of type 1 diabetes.




Diabetes Prevention

When it comes to type 2 diabetes prevention is a big deal, especially if you're at increased risk of diabetes.  It's never too late to start.  Get more physical activity - Research shows that aerobic exercise and resistance training can help control diabetes.

  • Get plenty of fiber - It's rough, it's tough and it may help you.  Foods high in fiber include fruits, vegetables, beans, whole grains and nuts.
  • Go for whole grains - Whole grains may reduce your risk of diabetes and help maintain blood sugar levels. Try to make at least half your grains whole grains.
  • Lose extra weight - If you're overweight, diabetes prevention may hinge on weight loss. Every pound you lose can improve your health.
  • Skip fad diets - Instead aim to make variety and portion control part of your healthy-eating plan.

Diabetes 2


For additional information, or to schedule a FREE wellness screening to have your glucose checked, contact the Office of Community Health at (630) 483-5665 or email